As we all know that the current affairs are very important for the competitive exam these days. Most of the competitive exam contains about 40% of current affairs. 

Today’s current affairs topic is related to the most controversial periods of Independent India’s History, 'The Emergency'. On 25th June 1975 Emergency was imposed in India.

Catch here the reasons behind the Emergency and the actions taken under it.

 On 25th June 1975, first ever in Independent India “the Emergency” took place. The Emergency in India was held for a period of 21-month, i.e., from 25th June 1975 to 21st March 1977.

The Emergency was officially declared by the immediate Prime Minister Indira Gandhi with the consent of President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi tried to defend the Emergency on the ground that she was trying to protect the state and the people of India. This was a dramatic turn in the Indian Political Affairs.

The provision of the Emergency is defined under Article 352 of the Constitution of India.

Actions Taken Under the Emergency

The order bestowed upon the Prime Minister the authority to rule by decree, elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed. Most of the ministers of opponent parties were imprisoned and the press was censored. The Emergency is one of the most controversial periods of Independent India’s History.

Reason Behind the Imposition of the Emergency

  • In the 1971 parliamentary election, a socialist, Raj Narain, was defeated by Indira Gandhi in the Rae Bareilly parliamentary constituency of Uttar Pradesh. Later Raj Narain lodged cases against Indira Gandhi claiming election fraud and use of state machinery for election purposes in the Allahabad High Court.
  • In 1974, Jayaprakash Narayan, ex-congressman, ex-socialist began to organize a campaign in Bihar to oust Indira Gandhi and her Congress party from office on charges of corruption.
  • On June 12th, 1975, Justice Jagmohanlal Sinha of the Allahabad High Court, found the Prime Minister guilty and declared her election "null and void" and unseated her from the Lok Sabha.

The Times of India described it as "firing the Prime Minister for a traffic ticket."

  • Later Justice Sinha stayed the operation of his judgement for a period of 20 days ordering Congress party to elect a successor to the Prime Minister. 
  • On June 23, 1975, Indira Gandhi, appealed for “complete and absolute” stay. This would lead her to be a voting Member of Parliament, as well as Prime Minister.
  • On June 24, 1975, Justice Iyer granted Indira Gandhi “conditional stay”. This decision gave rise to the outcries of opposition.
  • The opposition demanded resignation but Indira Gandhi didn't give her resignation. On June 25, 1975, JP Narayan called for a civil disobedience campaign to force the resignation of the Prime Minister. 
  • On June 26, 1975, More than 100 people were arrested who opposed Indira Gandhi and her party. People arrested included JP Narayan, Raj Narain, Jyortimoy Basu (communist party-Marxist), Samar Guha (president of the Jana Sangha) and proclamation of Emergency issued.

The Emergency was withdrawn on March 21, 1976, and general elections held in 1977. Janata Party won the Lok Sabha elections 1977 with a total of 295 seats and Indian National Congress leading by Indira Gandhi won 154 seats. In a major turn of events, the ruling Congress lost control of India for the first time in independent India. Morarji Desai was chosen as the leader of the Janata Party alliance in the newly formed parliament and thus became India's first non-Congress Prime Minister on 24 March. 

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