On October 22, 2008, India successfully launched Chandrayaan-1 under the first lunar mission. That mission has completed 10 years on October 22, 2018. Now India is all set to launch Chandrayaan-2 on July 15, 2019, at midnight 2:51 am from India's spaceport at Sriharikota.
The Chandrayaan-2 is India’s second lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1. If India succeeds in this mission, it will become the fourth country to soft-land a spacecraft on the lunar surface after the US, Russia and China. Israel tried earlier this year but failed. The ISRO Chandrayaan-2 lunar mission will be launched under the supervision of Ritu Karidhal Shrivastav.
The cost of Chandrayaan-1 was Rs.450 crore and was launched using India's workhorse rocket, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in 2008. While the cost of Chandrayaan-2 is Rs. 960 Crore and will be launched using the most powerful rocket launcher, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III. Also, the cost is 20 times less than 15 Apollo missions launched US space agency NASA.
About Chandrayaan-2 Satellite
Chandrayaan-2's lunar orbiter, lander and rover have been designed and made in India. The weight of the GSLV Mk III rocket is 640 tonne and also known as "Baahubali". The weight of the Chandrayaan-2 satellite is 3.8 tonne. The satellite will carry a 1.4-tonne 'Vikram lander' - which in turn will take the 27-kilogramme 'Pragyan rover' to attempt a soft landing in a high plain between two craters — Manzinus C and Simpelius N — at a latitude of about 70° south.
About Moon Mission
The Moon is the closest cosmic body to Earth. Due to which space discovery can be attempted and documented on it. The Moon provides us the best linkage to Earth’s early history and an undisturbed record of the nascent Solar System environment. The mission will also help in promising ways to signify technologies which are required for deep-space missions.
Reasons to Explore Lunar South Pole
The evidence of water molecules — discovered by Chandrayaan 1 on the lunar south pole and the extent of its distribution on the lunar surface and sub-surface also require further studies. It is especially interesting to explore because a larger section of its surface stays in the shadow than the North Pole. So the possibility of the presence of water increased in permanently shadowed areas around it.
Key Points at a Glance:
- Chandrayaan-2 mission will be launched on July 15, 2019, at midnight at 02:51 am.
- The cost of the Chandrayaan-2 mission is Rs. 1000-crore.
- It will be launched using the GSLV Mk III rocket weighing 640 tonnes.
- India’s 1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon's south polar region.
- 1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology.
- It is India’s 2nd lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1.
- 4th country ever to soft land on the lunar surface after the US, Russia, China & Israel.
- Vikram lander and Pragyan rover will be used to attempt a soft landing.
- The mission will be launched under the supervision of Ritu Karidhal Shrivastav.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has vowed to send a human into orbit by 2022 through Gaganyaan.
- President Ram Nath Kovind and ISRO chief K Sivan will be at Sriharikota to witness the midnight launch.
- Location: India
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