As we all know that the current affairs are very important for the competitive exam these days. Most of the competitive exam contains about 40% of current affairs. 

Today’s topic is related to the most popular incident of our country after Independence and which makes every Indian feel proud; “Kargil War 1999”

Here we are sharing some important facts and questions related to “Kargil War 1999” with aspirants to boost their general knowledge. 

What is the Kargil War?
Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir. 
In India, the Kargil conflict is also referred to as Operation Vijay (Hindi: विजय, English: Victory) which was the name of the Indian operation to clear the Drass-Kargil area

Why Kargil war took place?
The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers disguised as Kashmiri militants into the Indian side of the LOC.
 Line of Control (LOC) is the military control line between India and Pakistan controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. LOC does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary but it serves as the de facto border between the two states. 

Key Highlights of Kargil War:

  • Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds on May 03, 1999
  • Infiltrations first noticed on May 10, 1999 in Dras, Kaksar, and Mushkoh sectors 
  • Indian Army moves in more troops from Kashmir Valley to Kargil Sector at the mid of May
  • IAF launches air strikes against Pakistani infiltrators on May 28, 1999, but loses two fighter planes - MiG-21 and MiG-27
  • Flight Lieutenant Nachiketa was taken as Prisoner of War (POW)
  • IAF MI-17 shot down by Pakistan and four Indian airforce crew martyred
  • Indian Army launches a major offensive in Kargil on June 06, 2019, to clear the sector from infiltrators
  • On July 11, 1999, Pakistan begins pullout, India captures key peaks in Batalik
  • Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declares 'Operation Vijay' a success on July 14, 1999
  • On July 26, 1999, Kargil conflict officially comes to an end. Indian Army announces complete eviction of Pakistani intruders.

According to a record, over 530 Indian soldiers were martyred and 700 Pakistani infiltrations had been killed by the Indian soldiers. To pay tribute to the soldiers martyred a ‘Kargil War memorial’ was built by the Indian Army in Dras, in the foothills of the Tololing Hill.  

Kargil War 1999 Recently in News

On the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the victory in ‘Operation Vijay’, popularly known as the ‘Kargil War’, the Indian Airforce (IAF)  has planned several activities to celebrate the victory. ‘The activity includes a symbolic 'recreation' of the Tiger Hill attack and static display of Mirage-2000 and other aircraft used during 'Operation Vijay'. The activity will be commenced on the Gwalior Air Base from July 25-27. 

"As part of the commemorative event at Gwalior, several activities have been planned. There will be symbolic recreation of the Tiger Hill attack that took place during the Kargil War in 1999. And, there would be a static display of Mirage-2000 and other aerial assets used during the war," a senior IAF official told.

 Air Chief Marshal B S Dhanoa will be the Chief Guest. Several gallantry award winners, both serving and retired, who had participated in ''Operation Vijay'' will also attend the event at the Gwalior Air Base. 

The objective of this commemorate is to raise the spirit of patriotism and pay tribute to the brave soldiers through nationwide campaigns especially among the youth.

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