According to the study conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) of the United States and the World Economic Forum (WEF), due to global warming, sea color is changing around the world. According to this study, due to global warming, more than 50 percent of the world's oceans will change color by the end of the 21st century.
Key facts of the report:
• According to the research done by MIT, the color of the water is green and phytoplankton is grown on its surface.
• Increased temperature of the polar sea may increase their depth. As temperatures rise, they will increase in number.
• Similarly, having ocean water blue means a reduction in the number of phytoplankton.
• Phytoplankton is the microscopic organism that serves the food of marine organisms. Their number grows on the basis of carbon dioxide, sunlight and the nutrients present in the water, which has seen a huge decrease.
Scientists say that acidity of the ocean will directly affect phytoplankton. If there is a decrease in their growth, food crisis will be created for the marine organisms.
• According to information released by Professor Stefani, due to climate change, the small algae present in the sea is becoming difficult to absorb carbon dioxide.
• If this situation continues, it will be difficult to imagine life in the sea. If they do not, carbon will move back to the atmosphere from the ocean and create many kinds of problems.
For the study, researchers have developed a global model that detects the growth of micro-plants or algae species and the nuances of their interconnectedness. This model explains how the combination of species at different locations will change as temperatures rise throughout the world. From this model, the scientists also discovered how the astral plant absorbs and reflect light and the color of the ocean changes due to global warming affecting the structure of the plant community.
- Location: India
- IIT Kharagpur Released JAM 2019 Response Sheet , Click Here to Download Now
- FCI Recruitment 2019: Applications will begin on February 23, 2019 , Know How to Apply
- Current Affairs 20 February 2019
- FCI Recruitment 2019: Apply for 4103 Assistant, Junior Engineer, Typist & Stenographer Posts
- IOCL Recruitment 2019: Apply For 391 Accountant/ Technician/ Trade Apprentice Posts